Tuareg mats were originally used as flooring and walls for the Nomadic Taureg tribe. The base of Tuareg mats are made of reed sourced from the Senegal or Niger River. The reed from this area is extremely strong and resilient. The decorative motifs are woven into the reeds with strips of goat and/or camel leather. While the leather is usually kept natural, some tribes are known to dye their leather with local plants and spices to derive vibrant red and green hues.